Karnataka still on the top in Solar Capacity Addition under the National Solar Mission of 100 GW by 2022 in India
By Indian Solar Power Association (ISPA)
In the Nationally Determined Contributions as per the Paris Accord on Climate Change, India made a pledge that by 2030, 40% of our installed power generation capacity shall be based on renewables. Keeping this in view and also keeping in view our commitment to a healthy planet, it was determined by the Government of India that 175 GW of renewable energy capacity will be installed by 2022. This includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from biomass and 5 GW from small hydro power.
The substantial higher capacity target will ensure greater energy security, improved energy access and enhanced employment opportunities. With the accomplishment of these ambitious targets, India will become one of the largest Green Energy producers in the world, surpassing several developed countries.
Prior to the launch of National Solar Mission, only 11 MW of solar capacity was installed. However, after the launch of the NSM and other State policies encouraging solar energy generation, the solar capacity grew at a rapid pace. Total solar capacity installed of about 1 GW was added upto the 11th Plan Period and about 9 GW were added in 12th Plan Period. In last five years, solar energy sector has grown at a rapid pace. As shown in figure the installed capacity of solar projects has increased from 2,632 MW in 2013-14 to 24,011 MW at the end of Q2 for FY 2018-19.
According to Indian Solar Power Association (ISPA) report, Out of the above solar capacity, the 10 states viz. Karnataka (5223 MW), Telangana (3405.13 MW), Rajasthan (2981.78), Andhra Pradesh (2637.76 MW) and TamilNadu (2220.95 MW) contribute about more than 80% of the total grid connected capacity installed in the country.
At the end of FY 2017-18, the total installed capacity was 21,51.46 MW which includes 20,587.83 from Ground Mounted & 1063.63 MW from Rooftop Installation. In the progress of Q1, the capacity of around 1371.34 MW has been added, in the Q2 additional capacity of around 988.93 MW has been added. At the end of Q2,the Cumulative Capacity of 24,011 MW has been installed in the country.
The State of Karnataka, still on the top from last 6 months,and contributing towards greater energy security, improved energy access and enhanced employment opportunities in the state of Karnataka as well as help in achieving the national target of 100 GW by 2022.
Figure : Top ten states in Solar Capacity (in MW)
“India achieving almost 25 percent of its installation target is significant time period. As India has 5th Global position for RE installed capacity, 4th position for wind power and 6th position for solar power. A total of 100 billion units of power have been generated in the country during the year 2017-18 from all renewable energy sources” said Aditi Singh, General Secretary, ISPA.
She further added that, as the National Solar Mission (NSM) was launched on 11th January, 2010. The Mission targets included (i) deployment of 20,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022, (ii) 2,000 MW of off-grid solar applications including 20 million solar lights by 2022, (iii) 20 million sq. m. solar thermal collector area, (iv) to create favorable conditions for developing solar manufacturing capability in the country; and (v) support R&D and capacity building activities to achieve grid parity by 2022. The Mission is to be implemented in three phases.
The Cabinet in its meeting held on 17.06.2015 had approved revision of cumulative targets under NSM from 20,000 MW by 2021-22 to 1,00,000 MW by 2021-22 for Grid Connected Solar Power Projects. The revised target of 1,00,000 MW is planned to be achieved in 7 years period and broadly consist of 40 GW Grid connected Rooftop projects and 60 GW large and medium size land based solar power projects.
Image credit: ISPA